The “V-plasty” consists in designing a v-shaped flap on the wall of the large vessel and a longitudinal incision on the small one.

A V-Y plasty is a surgical method for lengthening tissues in one direction by cutting in the lines of a V, sliding the two segments apart, and closing in the lines of a Y.

Surgery to alter the direction of a malaligned scar that is oriented perpendicular to the direction of regional skin creases to relieve a bandlike contracture and improve scar quality.

Z-plasty is a versatile plastic surgery technique that is used to improve the functional and cosmetic appearance of scars.